Bits and Pieces of Recent Radiation Data, incl. Cs-137/Th-232/Be-7 Uptick in Finland, Spikes & Data Gaps on EURDEP & Radnet

Beautiful sunny day, the calm before the storm… Jan 30, 2016

I’ll start with the part I deleted, yet had received a comment on (for that comment, see previous post):

  • RadioIsotope-specific data from Kotka, Finland:

I looked at some EURDEP stuff (see Online Radiation Monitors), and harvested this one interesting correlation of an uptick in Cs-137, with an uptick in Be-7 and a (relatively rare) detection of Th-232, @ Kotka, just east of Helsinki, in Southern Finland:

Kotka_1month_Jan29_2016_Cs137_Th232_Be7_noI131

No measurable I-131 in this whiff

It had been lightly snowing there that week, and the the time of the peak of the uptick coincides with the snowiest day, as seen in this Helsinki [1 past year precipitation, pre Jan. 30, 2016 – via my METEO page -> Historical Weather Data]:

precipitation_reports_hours_h

So the idea that this is “just some surface dust” seems unlikely to me. Allow me to elaborate:

Surface dust can indeed include traces of Cesium-137 (in Finland that would be mainly from the 1986 Chernobyl accident  On the Chernobyl radioCesium fallout maps for Europe, you can see that Finland received a relatively high amount (due to precipitation at the time the radioactive cloud was moving that way)).  Beryllium-7, which is released from nuclear sites as well (during refueling, maintenance, leaks or an accident), but is more associated with the upper atmosphere, where it is created naturally through cosmogenesis.  Thorium-232 could be in dust as well, although it is rarely detected.  In the past few years curious detections of Iodine-131, Cobalt-60, etc. have coincided with detections of Th-232 during the same week.  Th-232 occurs naturally, yet, like Be-7 can also be “enhanced natural” in the sense that it can be added to the environmental mix through artificial means as well (such as a leaking reactor, mining activities, etc.).  One of those ways for it to be added is as a decay product of various artificial radioisotopes.  Some examples from http://periodictable.com/Isotopes/090.232/index2.full.prod.html (excerpt):

TH232_potentialParents

Since it has been snowing and “resuspencion of local dust” can thus practically be ruled out, I had a look at the wind patterns to see if there were a chance it could have come from that place that I suspect is still leaking like a sieve…

(Short answer: It’s not impossible.)

At that peak of the uptick, Jan. 24, 2015, the jet stream had a nice narrow slow-down zone that passed over that area…

Following the wind lines upwind, without making wind-speed time-adjustments (to cover the couple days it would have taken for the fastest air to make the journey; so very roughly:) the higher-up wind came from…

b_http-:earth.nullschool.net:#2016:01:24:1200Z:wind:isobaric:250hPa:orthographic=25.90,86.46,271:loc=24.590,60.297.gif

Nah… coincidence.  From somewhere else probably.   It can’t just always be Fukushima…  Like the Swiss data from a few posts ago, it surely has to be Chernobyl-polluted fire wood here too.  Burn enough of it and the Thorium-232 will start to ooze out as well. :-)  Beryllium-7-enriched fire wood – lol- sure, why not.  ;-)   [sarc.  Sorry…]

‘Cause… See… if it really came from “thát far”, then… just following the windlines upwind to get a rough idea…

Then after its fast Pacific Ocean crossing, it would have made landfall in that slightly less pronounced slow-down zone off the North-American coast…  as “the cloud that perhaps only exists in my mind” passed between the US EPA Radnet monitor @ the Juneau, Southern Alaska and those in Washington state, like Richland, Washington, in the Cascades.  Wouldn’t those at least show a little spike  in gamma and/or beta in the Jan 20-22 period?

Let’s see … Juneau, AK…  data for Jan. 1 through Jan. 30, 2016… (waiting…)

Juneau_AK_Jan2016

Hm… did it cut off the last week?  Zoom in… Jan 18 through Jan 30… (waiting):

  • Juneau, AK, Jan 18-30, 2016:  See, nothing to see (sarc.  Yeah… “haha”: LITERALLY): just some data gaps  in that Jan. 20-22 window…:

Juneau_AK_LastWeekJan2016

  • Richland, WA, Jan 18-30, 2016, to the south and a bit higher elevation, same 12-day period… (…waiting…) Ah, there it is:  Oh good [sarc.], REALLY “nothing to see here”:

RichlandWA_lastweekJan2016

Another place I could look at is downwind in the 250 hPa’s slow-down zone much further to the south of Kotka on the above-shown Nullschool map, including places in Eastern Europe, or perhaps also at higher elevations in central and even Western Europe…  A sampling:

At Botev Peak in Bulgaria, where I expected to see something, there’s no evidence of a higher elevation fallout cloud moving over:

BotevPeak_Bulgaria.gif

Yet in the mountains of Macedonia, @ Negotino, just a bit more to the west, however, there is a very significant uptick right at the same time:

Negotino_Macedonia.gif

Not a fluke, as you can see from the (not as pronounced but still strikingly around the same time) data from Kicevo, Macedonia to the west:

Kicevo_Macedonia.gif

On a side-note, and “also probably completely unrelated”, that same week also saw the second-highest Bismuth-214 levels on record at this Magdeburg monitor in central Germany (the record was broken in early Nov. 2015, part of a series of widespread upticks and data gaps (mainly in Oct-Nov-Dec. 2015), of which documentation can be found in my Nuclear Blog Post Archive.):

2ndHighest_MagdeburgDeutschland

@ Zwerndorf, Austria, I found this massive (+1.2 µSv/hr) uptick within the same 24-hour period, albeit with its peak at the beginning of Jan. 25, 2016.  As seen in some other locations, it shows what I call, ‘a typical fallout pattern‘:

Zwerndorf_Oostenrijk

!-> EDUCATE YOURSELF:   If you think that a 1.2 µSv/hr uptick is somehow insignificant, I suggest you look at the post-Chernobyl data that show that planes that flew directly through the thick of the radioactive cloud measured just 0.8 µ Sv/hr over Finland in that disastrous spring 1986.

The monitor at Bischofeshofen, on the other hand, “got creative with that spike” (courtesy data processing software the IAEA was involved in writing…? Hm…) and -wooptidoo- forced the values of the beginning and end of it to zero, and left a gaping data hole for all of us to think happy thoughts of:

Bischofshofen_Ostenreich

That that coincided with a significant spike in ground-snow-sealed Temelin, Czech Republic does underscore that whatever caused these upticks came down from higher up with the precipitation:

Temelin

Volos, Greece:

Volos_Greece

On the vast majority of monitors there is nothing peculiar to be seen, though.  And even if there could be, there isn’t.   It get’s old.  Same old, same old.  It;s see-through by now:  the radiation monitoring networks are rigged to hide the most significant data when it matters.  If there’s a major accident, you’re unlikely to be able to figure it out from the data that’s shared with the public.

And for closing, here’s my country of origin’s “watchdog”, FANC,’s version of giving Belgians the middle finger, with “greetings from Mont-Rigi, Belgium” (near Spa):

MontRigi_Belgique

I’m wasting my time.  They got it covered…

My point remains the same:  If it were “all-natural”, it would be in the nuclear industry’s interest to show how high natural spikes go.  Of that little we’re allowed to see, I conclude (and have documented like no one else, as far as I know) that upticks 1) are becoming more frequent when viewed over multiple years since 2011, even in winter, and 2) they continue to go higher and higher, with records set all over the place in 2015.  That makes no sense for “natural”.

I welcome alternative explanations, but until I come across something convincing, my impression remains that a massive cover-up is taking place in plain sight.  I suspect it is related to the ongoing crisis at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear complex in Japan, but I cannot prove that.  It could be one cover-up compounding another cover-up (a la what has become apparent in the California Thyroid Cancer surge).  But you have to be semi-obsessed with getting to the bottom of this nuclear mess, almost like a worshipper of truth “going to church” religiously, to even ‘get it’ that the monitoring and oversight systems are rigged.   The fox is guarding the hen house.  There is no nuclear safety oversight.   It’s a giant IAEA-orchestrated scam.

Just kidding.  [sarc.]

— — — — — — —   — — — — — — —

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6 Responses to Bits and Pieces of Recent Radiation Data, incl. Cs-137/Th-232/Be-7 Uptick in Finland, Spikes & Data Gaps on EURDEP & Radnet

  1. Pingback: Snow in the forecast | Allegedly Apparent Blog

  2. diemos says:

    Yes! Pu-240 is produced in nuclear reactors. Every decay of Pu-240 convert an atom of Pu-240 into an atom of U-236. Every decay of U-236 converts an atom of U-236 into an atom of Th-232.

    But this process takes time.

    The number of atoms times the natural log of (2) divided by the half-life in seconds gives you Becquerels which is the rate at which one atom converts into another by radioactive decay.

    The relevant half-lives are:
    Pu-240 6561 years
    U-236 23,000,000 years
    Th-232 14,000,000,000 years

    So 1000 Bq of Pu-240 is 206 trillion atoms of Pu-240.

    If you start with 206 trillion atoms of Pu-240 then after 6561 years you will have:

    Isotope: Atoms (Bq):
    Pu-240 103 trillion (500 Bq)
    U-236 103 trillion (0.14 Bq)

    After 10 half-lives of Pu-240 you will have

    Isotope: Atoms (Bq):
    Pu-240 206 billion (1 Bq)
    U-236 206 trillion (0.28 Bq)

    After one half-life of U-236, 23 million years, you will have:

    Isotope: Atoms (Bq):
    Pu-240 0 (0 Bq)
    U-236 103 trillion (0.14 Bq)
    Th-232 103 trillion (0.00016 Bq)

    After ten half-lives of U-236, 230 million years, you will have:

    Isotope: Atoms (Bq):
    Pu-240 0 (0 Bq)
    U-236 206 billion (0.00028 Bq)
    Th-232 206 trillion (0.00032 Bq)

    But we’re not talking about measurements done 100’s of millions of years from now, we’re talking about measurements done today, 5 years after the meltdown.

    Bq Th-232 = Bq Pu-240 x 2^(-5/6561) x 2^(-5/23,000,000) x 6561 years / 14billion years = 3.4e-17 Bq Pu-240

    So an overestimate is that one billion billionth of the Bq of Pu-240 that escaped containment 5 years ago have converted into Bq of Th-232. So I would not look to Th-232 as a signature of recent fissions, too small.

  3. MVB says:

    Gotcha. It’s quite likely, perhaps ‘most likely’, that the Th-232 detections are from local granite sources. Finland has lots of granite, so that can never be ruled out. True. And your point about the Pu-240 decay is valid, imo.

    However, there’s a second reason why I wonder if it could be “enhanced natural” after all. First of all, I find it odd that in this case it coincides with a significant spike in Cs-137, while soils are snow covered, while at other times it has roughly coincided with other detections, including Cobalt-60. That’s just plain strange. I don’t know for sure, but my impression is, based on your history of commenting here and elsewhere, that – smarts aside – ultimately you’re among the die-hard pro-nuke commentors who will never admit to anything being odd, ever. So the possibility of TH-232 being released from Fukushima will *always* be nonsense to you. Maybe its even in your job description. Who knows…
    ANyways, I get your point that as a mere decay product, the to be expected eventual upticks will be small, and “rather delayed.” SO… I didn’t really want to bring this up, but you’ve gently nudged me that way by not bringing up that dreadful third possibility yourself (1 being natural, 2 being as a decay product (which you made an excellent point can be ruled out for significant Th-232 upticks from Pu-240 decay, if all normal conditions apply)), namely (3): Thorium was actually in use at Fukushima and is part of what gets released.

    But thát will not be possible to discuss beyond speculation, unfortunaly, because there would really only be one reason why Japan had TH-232 in use in its neutron-spewing reactor complex: to bombard it with neutrons to create Uranium-233, a fissile material. And then we’d get into the territory of why they passed the Secrecy Act in the first place. And all you’ll find are a handful or obscure mentions referring to documents that can no longer be found online…

    THe source for this is gone: http://blog.susanaromeroweb.com/?p=9232&lang=en
    But this is what it claimed, excerpt:

    “Experts from the Ministry of Defense of Russia studied aerosol samples obtained after the accident at Fukushima-1 2011 and concluded that the Japanese nuclear plant nuclear activities took place not stated, agency reports scientific information FIAN-Inform.

    Experts who analyzed the radioactive cloud that 17 March 2011, six days after the accident at the plant, Read the Russian city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, claimed that thorium concentrations detected in the samples confirm the intention of the Japanese to obtain uranium-233 (fissile component of nuclear weapons) in pure form and in excess of those agreed in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the cycle of uranium-thorium amounts.

    On the surface of the aerosol particles investigators found the 238U and 232Th isotopes relative atomic concentrations in the tens (in the case of uranium) and hundreds (in the case of Thorium) times higher than those corresponding to the average content of the element in the earth’s crust.”

    Similar to this allegation, found @ http://forummsk.info/english/material/eng_news/10361787.html

    “Ministry of Defense of RF Confessed That Japan Has Been Accumulating Nuclear Weapons Materials – 3 Years on”
    Quoted excerpt (seems perhaps not the best translation from Russian):

    “17.05.2014 – The group of the Russian scientists from the department of the Ministry of Defense investigated tests of aerosols taken after accident on the nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1”. Method of Seсondary-Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) which allowed not only to estimate condition of active zone and scale of discharge of radionuclides in the air, but also to make a conclusion about not declared nuclear activity taking place before accident took place was used for the first time for analysis.

    The values of concentration of thorium measured testify, according to the scientists, about intention to receive uranium-233 in pure form in quantities which exceed concentration stipulated in the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of the Nuclear Weapon in uranium – thorium cycle.

    – In no less than 3 years the scientists of the Ministry of Defense understood that Japan was accumulating weapon fissionable substances, – the editor-in-chief of FORUM.msk Anatoly Baranov got delighted. – If the Russian Federation so “quickly” reacts to nuclear threat, I have nothing to say. Especially in present situation in the world which strongly changed towards probability of the third world war. After all I and Alexander Shabanov, the specialist in this problem from the Moscow State University, spoke about it right after accident on Fukushima. All, probably including scientists from the Ministry of Defense, laughed at us very loudly…

    http://forum-msk.org/english/material/eng_news/6085558.html

    – We spoke about it openly, without equivoques in simple Russian, – Anatoly Baranov continued. – For some reason there was no reaction of official circles. If they didn’t want to offend nuclear Japan with its not conventional nuclear weapon? While it’s possible not to listen to us, we understand nothing…”

    Thanks, diemos, I’m sure you didn’t mean to but… maybe Cobalt-60 and Thorium-232 BOTH are little bread crumbs pointing at Fukushima-Daiichi having played some role in a suspected secret nuclear weapons program. (???)

    And you know what? When I went to Japan at the end of 2013, doing my best to follow ‘visions’ received in Ayahuasca ceremonies (in both North & South America), it wasn’t actually about Fukushima. It had something to do with ‘preventing a future nuclear war’…

    My last two paintings, THE CALL TO END THE NUCLEAR ERA, and PRAYERS FOR FUKUSHIMA were in part attemts to process the ordeal that left me utterly disoriented.
    !-> See @ https://allegedlyapparent.wordpress.com/my-art/

    Peace

  4. Pingback: Any Thorium-231 in Fukushima Fallout ? | Allegedly Apparent Blog

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  6. Pingback: HIGHEST SINCE 2011: Cesium-137, Ruthenium-103, Tellurium-132 (!-> Period: Jan.-Apr., 2016) | Allegedly Apparent Blog

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