Blog post sound track (+ more throughout intro):
Just “a radiation ramble”, wondering about the significance of ongoing fissioning at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear catastrophe site, with Iodine-131, Cobalt-60 being detected still, including all the way in Europe in spring 2015. Some thoughts about Polonium-210 possibly being created artificially as well, which would contribute to lead contamination… Wondering if this could be part of what’s making some sea life in the Pacific die. And much more. “Enjoy…”
Note: The writing of this blog post was a bit of a journey; and I’ve included some of my side-tracks (mostly in the intro part). If you don’t want to read it all, it gets into the thick of it after the black & white TAS video, “high frequency (psychedelic visuals)”. Although the journey, music & other videos and all, may be worth it too…
I don’t mind it when you just quote and link to my posts, tweet away (the shortlink for this post is https://goo.gl/etEPKp ), or inform the NSA through their data entry Telescreen portal (facebook), but don’t share in full, please: I often correct mistakes after posting and add nuances or contradicting findings later on (in the blog post or in comments), which are missed by the audiences of notorious scrape bloggers / sploggers / internet content & traffic thieves.
I’m not an expert. I do not even hold a college degree. I just find this interesting and love learning about it. That’s all. Please don’t draw conclusions from my mere wondering. I don’t even know if sharing my thoughts on this matter is helpful, given how little I know about the subject. I may occasionally sound like I know what I’m talking about. Please don’t be swayed by that. I don’t know what is really going on.
I’m sure it’s even possible to find an expert to point out to you that I’m a complete idiot. And maybe hen would be right. But then again… I didn’t built dozens of meltdown-capable nuclear fission reactors on top of fault lines in tsunami zones, without even having a plan of what to do with the radioactive waste they generate, nor any idea of what to do in a worst case scenario. That idea came from the experts. [Just saying…] As with many of my not very groovy but (maybe almost) scientific blog posts, they are merely my own journey to understand more about this.
To get in the mood, I streamed some more music alongside my pondering, and got going…:
Three giant nuclear fission reactors remain sizzling hot, molten down into the Earth’s crust to who-knows-what-depth, are spewing untold amounts of hundreds of bio-harmful radioisotopes into the groundwater (and off and on, it seems, into the air), some of which will be around for centuries, and much of which, perhaps most, is ending up in the Pacific Ocean.
Here’s nice graphic of what’s going on:
It’s called “China Syndrome“. The Soviet Union, under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev at the time, deployed over 200,000 people to prevent it at Chernobyl, Ukraine in 1986.
“Chernobyl opened my eyes like nothing else: it showed the horrible consequences of nuclear power, even when it is used for non-military purposes. One could now imagine much more clearly what might happen if a nuclear bomb exploded. According to scientific experts, one SS-18 rocket could contain 100 Chernobyls. The nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl, . . . even more than my launch of Perestroika [a set of reforms he initiated], was perhaps the real cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union five years later. Indeed, the Chernobyl catastrophe was an historic turning point: there was the era before the disaster, and there is the very different era that has followed.” – Mikhail Gorbachev, Daily Times (Pakistan), April 17, 2006) [Shared before in (Apr. 2013) My Humble Beginnings of Anti-Nuclear Warriorship for Mother Earth…]
And what about Fukushima in 2011? … “Oh that…” Yeah… ;-( With a ridiculous skeleton crew of just 50 left on-site, back in March 2011, it got completely out of control. And the sad truth is that it could be centuries before a solution is even found…
Instead of admitting and mobilizing the goodwill of hundreds of thousands of planetary citizens, and make the courageous decision to move away from nuclear insanity, boldly facing the dire reality, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and his mafioso cohorts are now going all-out in public ‘perception management’ campaigns instead… It’s effing insane, man, I don’t know what else to call it…
(By the way, I mean no disrespect: I’m not including that mafia reference “for effect”; it’s a rather troubling aspect of this mess. See these references for instance:
and these reports: here (RT), here (Japan Trend), here (Global Research), and here (Japan Today), etc. -And it’s nothing new (Foreign Policy, 2012). :-/ Gangsters are involved in Japan’s nuclear industry (The Telegraph (UK)), etc.
To get a clue that this dark side of the nuclear industry is nothing new, check out this disturbing classic Nuclear Watch: Japan Nuclear Ginza 1995 documentary:
And the campaigns currently being orchestrated… kinda a trip looking into some of ’em… ranging from promoting Fukushima tourism [“Disaster Tourism!”, Woohoo! Actually: Count me in! – hehe], to Eat More Fukushima Food (and here, here, here,… Also perfect for trapped air travelers…), to hosting the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
Combine the two, and you get: (Japan Times, May 3, 2015): “Fukushima, stricken by one of the world’s worst-ever nuclear disasters in 2011, wants to host baseball and softball games at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics — and hopes to convince athletes to eat the local food. […]”.
Having been to the area (albeit only briefly once), I can attest: Yes, the local food, including the seafood I had north of Iwaki in the Fukushima Prefecture was delicious, and most of it is probably not much less safe that that from California’s unidentified hotspots. Given the sad state of the US government, infiltrated by nuclear industry interests to the core [Eisenhower couldn’t stop it, but he surely warned us all], which refuses to do the necessary testing on this side of the Pacific, their assurances unfortunately mean nothing. Even given the likelihood that most food for sale in Japan contains much less than 50 Bq/kg (the Japanese limit is 100 Bq/kg) of radiocesium (thát the Japanese surely have done sufficient testing for, see March 22, 2014, “Japanese Food testing data & fallout maps: some useful LINKS“), it could, however, still contain a lot of other radioisotopes they’re NOT testing for. I’m interested in knowing how much Strontium-90, Plutonium-239/240 and Cobalt-60 are in various types of food, for instance. (I detected Co-60 and an unknown alpha emitter in kelp that did not contain any radiocesium. More on that further below)
Anyways…, the US government assurance unfortunately doesn’t mean much also for other reasons. Unlike Japan, which at least does widespread food testing (over 1,000 samples per month), the US FDA simply doesn’t sample enough, and in the US the “derived intervention levels” (DIL), are the world’s most negligent:
The EPA’s and FDA’s testing has been far below substandard. The agencies that should be investigating the radioactive pollution look like clowns putting on a pathetic show through systematic widespread omissions. The monitoring is so pathetic is looks like it is guided by nuclear interests. For more on that, and more (quite interesting actually), see the excellent [highly recommended!] book, “Rig, Rad, Run”, by © Andrew Kishner, who authored the excellent Nuclear Crimes site, once one of the largest online collections of freely accessible research material on the nuclear age: http://www.nuclearcrimes.org/
So anyway: Easier said than done, but: Don’t be deceived: In absolute metaphysical terms, “surrrrrre”, let’s keep reciting those chants and waving that smudge smoke stick… In absolute terms, yes: All is well. It’s important to connect to that. Yet relatively in the biological realm I’m writing from and about: All is not well.
See if I could pop this all-is-well-relatively-too bubble… Hm… The ionizing radiation that comes off a tiny ingested radioactive fallout particle, a little piece of beta-decaying Cobalt-60 just to pick something, does not become less damaging to DNA just because you believed the media clowns that told you that smiling makes radiation harmless. [For real, I always thought Belgium took the cake, but Japan may be taking political surrealism to new record heights…]
These Japanese government enlisted ‘ignorance enforcers’ are akin to suggesting that if you were to jump off a highrise building ánd smile, you somehow won’t get hurt or killed upon hitting the pavement. (Similar physics are involved in bursts of energy knocking electrons off molecular bonds actually, having to do with the amount of energy imparted upon a mass.) If you happen to be a believer of make-belief-makes-it-so, why not do an experiment: some sort of real-life Splat Calculator: jump from a theoretical deadly height, but make sure to do so smiling and thinking positively. (So far no one I’ve suggested this to has come back to report about their smooth landing. ;-/ Bummer…)
I’ve run into plenty of folks, too, who, when presented with some troubling nuclear news, will reply along the lines of “It’s part of a divine plan we don’t understand yet. Everything happens for a reason. It’s all part of our planetary evolution. We’ll evolve. We’ll adapt.” Nice fantasy. Cognitive dissonance coping at its best… Or something… . Looking at other biological life forms with DNA and tissues that are similarly affected by ionizing radiation… I’m under the impression that that fantasy isn’t panning out so well…
I’m distracting myself from the “focus” of this blog post…
There are plenty of other topics to delve into, as well, but the nuclear issues we’re faced with as a planet, as well as disturbing and paradoxical mirroring aspects within my own healing journey (a whole other field of exploration that is more ‘where it’s at‘, but that isn’t very suitable for sharing in a public blog, I feel) are what draw me most, so I’ll stick to that here.
“He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you.”
– Friedrich Nietzsche, 1886 (Beyond Good and Evil“, Aphorism 146)
Anyways, … where was I going with this? Right:
Most radioisotopes released aren’t even being tested for.
Interested in Strontium-90, Plutonium-239/240 and Cobalt-60 test results from UC Berkeley’s Kelp Watch or mainstream-media-loved Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution? Show me the research. I never found it. Here‘s mine. I found out that 3 samples I had selected for additional analysis (store-bought kelp samples) contained mostly K40 (natural), but one also contained 1.4 Bq/kg of Co-60, and another 132.2 Bq/kg of an unknown Alpha particle emitter. Both had been harvested over 400 km down-current from Fukushima. For such a small amount of samples, that 1/3rd or perhaps 2/3rd contained Fukushima fallout, different from what is being tested for, suggests the ocean’s radioactive pollution may be significantly different than how it’s being portrayed. In any case, many more radioisotopes ought to be included. More on Co-60 and speculating about the artificial creation of Po-210 (a very hot alpha emitter) further down.
Seems to me that what’s happening, not just in Japan but internationally, is a diabolical last ditch attempt to save the hegemonic misguided nuclear power industry. What motivates these psychopaths, beyond just ordinary short-sighted greed, and the rather sinister desire to have the ability to flash-melt an entire city full of human beings in the blink of an eye at the push of a button, remains a mystery to me. Unless, of course, I take my non-scientific insights seriously, and find myself cultivating compassion for folks under some kind of esoteric occult nuclear spell… But let’s not go there either…)
Here, for sanity’s sake, a little ‘Bliss’ Skeleton Dance. Feel free to imagine them dancing on the ruins of nuclear corporations…
[Nevermind this long-winded self-distracting intro, some of it was written under the influence of coffee, other parts were aided by couple Malbecs (red wine)
My apologies… ;-)
… with a little more TAS ( ttaass.com ) for audiovisual blogtrack….
— — — — — — — — — — — — — —]
Earlier this week I posed a question, here, and on ENEnews. Rephrased with a little more thought put into it, this is the gist:
Are any of the dead or diseased beached Pacific sea life reported along the North American and Japanese coasts, being tested for Lead-206?
And the reasoning behind that question was twofold: 1) It’s the very end of the radioactive decay chain of Uranium, of which an unknown amount was aerosolized during the very beginning of the Fukushima-Daiichi multiple meltdown mess, undoubtedly together with many other interacting isotopes further along in the radioactive decay process. 2) Additionally specifically rousing my curiosity is likely unintended man-made production of very hot alpha-decaying Polonium-210, which turns into Lead-206.
On the second idea: namely Po-210 perhaps having been directly created artificially: Through bombarding bismuth-209 with neutrons in the meltdown rubble. Bi-209 + neutrons => forms bismuth-210, which has a half-life of 5 days. Bismuth-210 decays into polonium-210 through beta decay. Polonium-210 has a half-life of 138.39 days, and becomes Pb-206.
Where do I get that there was (perhaps still is) neutron bombardment happening in the rubble? Well, a lot of Cobalt-60 has been released from Fukushima, most likely due to massive neutron bombardment of steel. (More indications mentioned further below.)
And where do I get that there was Bismuth-209 in the rubble to be bombarded with neutrons in the first place? Lead-209 (half life only 3.2 hours) beta-decays into Bi-209. When stable Lead-208 (natural stable lead is about 1% Pb-204, 24% Pb-206, 22% Pb-207, and 53% Pb-208) is bombarded with neutrons it becomes Pb-209. So in an intense neutron-bombardment environment, which the Fukushima meltdown rubble was, it is rather likely that lead, used for radiation shielding and thus likely present in the rubble in large amounts, gave rise to a Polonium-210 surge.
If there was a spike on Po-210, it would not per se show up in a radioactivity test, as it may have already decayed away into stable Pb-206. As far as its effect on sea life, I’m merely speculating, but if the concentrations were significant, there could be damage due to alpha radiation, accompanied with lead poisoning signs. And then there’s the little-known fact that Alpha-Radiation creates hydrogen peroxide upon tissue impact (See http://enhs.umn.edu/hazards/hazardssite/radon/radonmolaction.html), which made me wonder about the bright white lungs found in dolphins that died during mass stranding near Fukushima in April this year (2015).
So… I’d like to elaborate on that pondering a little bit.
One never knows I’m not a complete idiot and for some mysterious reason some smart folks with connections to sophisticated lab equipment and funds could get inspired to do widespread testing… Right?
Dead or Diseased Pacific Sea life?
A sampling of headlines from the past half year:
- Dec 11, 2014: Alaska Dispatch News: Scientists seek cause of patchy baldness in some Beaufort Sea polar bears
- Jan 2, 2015: The Statesman Journal: Why is the beach covered in dead birds?
- Jan 6, 2015: The Oregonian: Oregon coast seabird deaths could continue through winter, wildlife official says
- Jan 6, 2015: CBC News (Canada): Cassin auklets found washed up near Tofino – More than 100,000 of the small seabirds have been found dead along Pacific coast since October
- Jan 10, 2014: National Geographic News: Rare Conjoined Gray Whale Calves Found in Lagoon—Could Be First for Species (See also: Jan 7, 2014 io9 (‘We Come from the Future’): Conjoined Gray Whales Discovered in Baja California Lagoon
- Jan 20, 2015: Komo News (Port Townsend, WA): Why are thousands of West Coast seabirds starving to death?
- Jan 24, 2015: National Geographic News: “Mass Death of Seabirds in Western U.S. Is ‘Unprecedented’ – Why are so many auklets, from California to Canada, starving?”
- Feb. 1, 2015: San Diego Union-Tribune: 150 sea turtles found dead in Mexican Pacific lagoon, including this mention, “In mid-January , federal inspectors found the bodies of 14 gray whales at the lagoon, as well as 16 other sea turtles.“
- March 15, 2015: Frontera NorteSur (New Mexico State University): What’s Killing Baja’s Marine Animals? – […] The latest find […] near the town of San Felipe. […] March 11. The inspection detected 55 dead dolphins and 4 sea lions […]”
- March 20, 2015: NBC San Diego Local News: Dead Whale Found Near Torrey Pines State Beach
- April 10, 2015: Al Jazeera: Nearly 150 dolphins beached on Japanese shore – with additional info:
- April 15, 2015; ENEnews: Japan Scientist: “I’ve never seen this before” — White lungs found in dolphins that died during mass stranding near Fukushima — Interruption of blood supply leading to death of tissue — Disease has been linked to radiation exposure “[…] The chief of the researching team stated “Most of the lungs looked entirely white” […]”
- (April 13, 2015: Collegian Central: Colorado State University (CSU) partners with Fukushima University to study radiation effects)
- April 15, 2015: CBS San Francisco: Dead 50-Foot Endangered Sperm Whale Washes Ashore At Pacifica Beach
- Apr 20, 2015: Ukiah Press Democrat: Killer whale beached north of Fort Bragg (See also Apr 22, 2015: San Jose Mercury News: Stranded killer whale mystifies scientists;
- May 2, 2015: The Seattle Times: Prime fish give way to hordes of jellyfish in Puget Sound
- May 5, 2015: San Francisco Chronicle: Beach mystery: Another dead whale washes up in Pacifica [previous one was April 15, see above]
- May 8, 2015: Xinhuanet: 5-meter, 14-ton gray whale dies in Mexico (near Tijuana, just south of California)
- May 11, 2015: The Guardian (UK): Stranded sea lion pups fall victim to California’s ‘ocean deserts’ – “[…] Over the last three years, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has noticed a growing number of strandings on the beaches of California and up into the Pacific north-west. In 2013, 1,171 sea lions were stranded, and 2,700 have already stranded in 2015 – a sign that something is seriously wrong, as pups don’t normally wind up on their own until later in the spring and early summer. […]”
- May 20, 2015: LA Times: Dead whale washes ashore in San Diego
- May 21, 2015: ENEnews: Mysterious deadly black fungus being found on fish in Pacific Northwest — Gov’t: There was some concern Fukushima radiation could be involved — Biologists investigating how this landbased mold is now appearing in ocean — Many reports of unusual rotting sores, growths, bumps, cancer (PHOTOS)
- etc. (with lots of headlines too about red crabs, jelly fish, and lack of sardines affecting the food chain.)
I am NOT claiming any of this has anything to do with Fukushima. I just can’t help to wonder, given the timing coincides with small amounts of Cs-134+Cs137 showing up on the North-American West Coast (See findings by Ken Buesseler & Co @ http://www.ourradioactiveocean.org/). Very little is known about how trace amounts of various radioisotopes affect different species in the ocean. People who dismiss the possibility are no different than those who claim it’s all due to Fukushima, or climate change, or whatever they’re certain of. We simply don’t know yet.
Just for my own reference, I’ll start of with the three decay chains that can give rise to presence of radioisotopes of Lead, Bismuth and Polonium, some of which decay through Beta & Alpha decay quickly: as part of the Uranium decay series (or Radium series), the Actinium decay series, and the Thorium decay series. Just the super-basics:
Uranium decay series
With the most common decay route from Radon-222 towards Lead-206:
Actinium decay series or “Plutonium (Pu-239) cascade”:
Thorium decay series.
That’s the normal natural radioactive decay. There’s additional shifts / transmutations possible in an intense neutron bombardment environment.
One of the ways lots of neutrons would be flying around is because fissioning is still happening.
Fukushima ‘Neutron Bombardment’ Evidence
In January 2014 it was made public that a total of 875 TBq (terabecquerels – See my Radiation Units & Conversions page for more) or 2.45 g of Tritium are on the site of Fukushima Daiichi NPP, and the amount of Tritium contained in the contaminated water is increasing by approximately 230 terabecquerel (0.64 g) per year. [Source: Wikipedia Tritium] How exactly so much Tritium continues to be created at Fukushima-Daiichi is not clear to me.
One of the ways for Tritium to be created is as a direct result of fission. Wiki: “Tritium is an uncommon product of the nuclear fission of uranium-235, plutonium-239, and uranium-233, with a production of about one atom per each 10,000 fissions.” Other ways include nitrogen being hit by a fast neutron (such as cosmic rays ), or deuterium capturing a neutron, or Lithium-6 being neutron-activated. [Source: Wikipedia Tritium]
Cobalt-60 is reportedly created through multiple stages of neutron activation of iron isotopes in the reactor’s steel structures. Rather strangely large amounts of Cobalt-60 (half-life of 5.27 years) have been released by TEPCO. And they are very quiet about this. Same goes for the establishment researchers, who could easily include CO60 data in their seawater and kelp sampling as part of the same gammasprectroscopy… Yet they don’t. Well, they keep silent. There’s just NO WAY that they aren’t aware of it; it would show up in their gamma spectroscopy results. I find their silence odd.
Just like Tritium, nuclear plants are allowed to release some Cobalt-60 into the environment. The US EPA’s Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of 4 millirems per year for beta particle and photon radioactivity from man-made radionuclides in drinking water also covers Co60 under this MCL. The average concentration of Cobalt-60 that is assumed to yield 4 millirems per year is 100 picoCuries per liter ( 100pCi/l , which in SI units is 3.7 Bq/l Co-60 [MCL]).
So… C0-60 is created by neutron bombardment of steal (Co-59 + neutrons = Co-60). How much of the Co-60 was already in the steel before the meltdown due to the long-time operation of the reactors? Could be quite a bit. A World Nuclear Organization (Apr 2015) overview about Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities says this: “[…] Cobalt-60 and tritium are the principal isotopes of short-term importance, carbon-14 and chlorine-36 are dominant in the longer term. […] The main radionuclide in scrap from the oil and gas industry is radium-226, with a half-life of 1600 years as it decays to radon. Those in nuclear industry scrap are cobalt-60 and caesium-137, with much shorter half-lives. Application of a 0.3 mSv/yr dose limit results in a clearance level for Ra-226 of 500 Bq/kg, compared with 10 Bq/kg for nuclear material. […]” But a document on Belgian reactor decommissioning findings also mentions much higher Co-60 contents of reactor vessel pieces.
How much more was created during the meltdowns? Could also be quite a bit.
When you search for more on Cobalt-60, most of what you’ll find is likely related to the theft of a medical stash by some very unfortunate Mexican robbers (See Dec. 2013 headlines like “Stolen cobalt-60 found in Mexico; thieves may be doomed” and “Mexican cobalt-60 thieves will soon die of radiation“, etc.);
What you won’t find much about, however, is the FIRST time Cobalt-60 was mentioned in a press release from TEPCO, about results of a Fukushima water leak test, from as late as August 2013:
(((ADDED NOTE: There are MANY more reports with Cobalt-60 data in it, but you have to search for Co60 instead. My initial impression that there was only one mention was erroneous. See also Jan. 2016: Any Significance to Cobalt-60 in Fukushima Fallout?)))
!!! August 2013 –> 1.2 Bq/cm^3 = 1,200 Bq/liter of Co-60 = 1,200,000 Bq/m^3 of Co-60. That was from a storage tank holding contaminated water. Makes you kinda wonder how much Cobalt-60 could be in the whole tank farm, no?
Before those leaks, Greenpeace had also reported Cobalt-60 far away, and its significance had already been noted by various commentators:
- Ex-SKF, June 20, 2011: Radiation in Japan: Greenpeace Detected Cobalt-60 and High Radiation “Hot Spots” in Fukushima City in Fukushima. “[…] Cobalt-60?? From the RPV?? […]” RPV = Reactor Pressure Vessel.
- ENEnews, Sept 26, 2011: Radioactive manganese-54, silver-110m and cobalt-60 found in seaweed sample 30km south of Fukushima: “[…] 0.96 Bq/kg Mn-54, 0.96 Bq/kg Co-60, 6.9 Bq/kg Ag-110m; 32 Bq/kg Te-129m;… See much more + margin of error, etc @ http://www.scribd.com/doc/65128490/GreenPeace-Fukushima-Seafood-Results
- And later: Greenpeace, Jan. 28, 2014: Fukushima Nuclear Crisis Update for January 21st to January 28th, 2014 : “[…] According to Nuclear Engineering International: A sample of the water showed contamination levels of 24,000 Bq/cm3 of all beta radiation, 1700 Bq/cm3 of caesium-137, 700 Bq/cm3 of caesium-134 and 25 Bq/cm3 of cobalt-60. [25,000 Bq/liter Co-60] = 25,000,000 Bq/m^3 […]” (-> That’s on-site trench water, I belief)
- At the time I missed this Feb 19, 2014 ENEnews headline, relaying some more damning evidence that neutron bombardments were likely not even over yet (or how else would this happen???): “Record level of Cobalt-60 detected in groundwater at Fukushima — Hundreds of times above any measurement ever published for underground water (MAP)“: Feb. 18, 2014: ! –> 750 Bq/liter of Co-60 => 750,000 Bq/m^3 Co-60 (->that’s on-site in ground water.)
Now, think about it… 750 Bq of Co-60 per liter, when the maximum contaminant level is 3.7 Bq/m^3, a difference of over 20,000%. Unknown amounts have leaked into the Pacific with the estimated 300-400 tons of contaminated water that escapes the site every day… .
That preceding Summer 2013, TEPCO finally admitted that badly contaminated water was leaking into the Pacific at a rate of over 300 tons a day. (See my post, July 31, 2013, Red Alert – Fukushima-Daiichi NPP Crisis: EXTREME Radioactive Water Leaking into Ground; Unprecedented Radioactive Contamination of Pacific Ocean.), but they never gave details on how much Cobalt-60 likely leaked into the Pacific as part of that. And the tiny bit of establishment research that has happened, such as “Kelp Watch 2014/2015” did not have to limit the research to just a few isotopes like Cs134, Cs137 & I131. They could have included C060 results too, for instance, and Strontium-89/90, and Plutonium and Gross Beta & gross alpha, etc. But, well, they didn’t. “Go figure”.
I suppose sometimes it takes a non-expert…
Flashback to my visit to Japan in November 2013: Due to rampant ignorance about radiation in food, mine included at the time, I had my own freak-out about the radioactivity I measured in seaweeds and, because I considered a cover-up not outside the realm of possibilities, I pressed onward and sent samples to a lab. (Everything about that can be read about SUMMARY of my ‘Independent LAB TEST RESULTS’ and the full-disclosure monster blog post that preceded it.)
Now, revisiting the data I gathered, very interestingly, the presence of Co60 is the ONLY sign of Fukushima-Daiichi ocean contamination that I found in my analyzed kelp samples from Japan:
With surprisingly no Cesium-137 even detected, one sample (#2) did measure 1.4 Bq/kg Co-60. Another sample (#1) contained 132.2 Bq/kg Gross Alpha.
That otherwise perfectly fine Sample #2 was harvested to the north, more than 400 km from Fukushima-Daiichi! Given dilution had already brought Cesium-137 levels below what’s detectable [For this sample, the Minimum Detectable Concentration (MDC) was 0,027 pCi/kg, which is 0.001 Bq/kg]. So less than 0.0001 Bq/kg of Cs-137, but 1.4 Bq/kg of Co-60? I didn’t realize how odd that was at the time I got my lab results.
Because I had my mind blown by kelp’s naturally-occurring and incredibly high (mostly Beta-emitting) Potassium-40 content, as high as over 5,000 Bq/kg of K40! (which, to put in perspective, read my blog post, (Jan. 2014) “Why 150 Bq Cs-137 is health-hazardous, while 150 Bq* K-40 is RECOMMENDED for health“), I did not pursue additional (ridiculously expensive) tests to determine what exactly was the cause of the elevated Alpha radiation in Kelp Sample #1. Could it have been Polonium-210? Or Americium-241? Or a natural decay daughter of Thorium or Uranium? Too late to actually find out now, but both Kelp samples #1 & #2 originated in the very same area on the northern side of the Tsugaru Strait (between Honshu and Hokkaido).
IF the Co-60 was created by neutron bombardment of steal in the rubble, wouldn’t it be rather likely that that specific radioactively contaminated water plume that contaminated Sample #2 also contained other radioisotopes that were the result of neutron bombardment? Like Bismuth-210, perhaps, and in that case its resultant Polonium-210?
Although the major ocean current pathways are known, the side-currents swirl around somewhat erratically in the ocean, and due to on-and-off releases and on-site events, ocean water ‘downstream’ from Fukushima does not necessarily all contain the same radioisotope mixture. The plume that brought Co-60 to one part of the Japanese coast at some point, may have brought other neutron-bombardment-related radioisotopes to the same region around the same time.
Other mention on the very high likelihood that intense neutron bombardment occurred in the Fukushima-Daiichi (F1) rubble include:
- Aug 27, 2012: ENEnews: Gundersen on Gamma Rays: “Implies rubble was activated by neutrons, or that activation products like Cobalt-60 are in rubble — Interesting”
- March 23, 2013: Fukushima-Diary: “According to Tepco, significantly high level of Co-60 was measured from the piece of debris taken from SFP4. They measured 1,400,000,000 Bq/Kg of Co-60 (half-life 5.3 years). The surface dose was 1 mSv/h. The sample was 4g. It was taken when they washed the new fuel assembly removed from the spent fuel pool in reactor4. (8/29/2012) […]”
- July 20, 2014: Asahi Shimbun, : Water leaks continue to plague No. 5 reactor at Fukushima plant — […] TEPCO employee found a pool of water in each of two boxes–75 centimeters by 50 cm–that house a control valve in the cooling water piping system on the fifth floor […] The water had collected to a depth of 9 cm in one box and 18 cm in the other. The water contained 2-3 becquerels of cobalt 60 per cubic centimeter [2,000 to 3,000 Bq/liter]
Cobalt-60 in Finland? I’ve reported on upticks of the fission-fingerprint radioisotope Iodine-131, ranging from detections in sewage sludge in Japan, in seaweed off Korea, as measured in Cyprus, Sweden, Finland, Norway. See these blog posts:
- May 26, 2011: IODINE-131 a basic map comparison: Fukushima versus Chernobyl
- Aug 3, 2013: Radioactive Iodine in Seaweed and Sludge, Summer 2013? (Hints of Recent Criticality Events…) + Data suggests radioactive fallout still blowing around the world?
- !–> Sept 25, 2014: Strontium-90 skyrocketing in Fukushima’s On-Site Groundwater. German meltdown model that predicted this suggests worst is yet to come.
- Dec 25, 2014: Radiation Spikes and Nuclear Reactor Refueling Operations… & Other Random Puzzle Pieces
- !!!–> Jan 31, 2015: DATA of ‘Fallout Signatures’ on Radiation Monitors Suggest Fukushima Still Going Re-Critical Underground At Times. Airborne Fallout Continues To Come Down Across the Northern Hemisphere. [I-131 detected in Cyprus; + wind patterns that brought major radiation uptick to Germany in mid-November 2014 traced to Fukushima]
- !-> May 1, 2015: ADDITIONS: Belarus Radiation, Satellite Image Chernobyl Fire, EURDEP-Sweden goes silent, ESTONIA & LATVIA Radiation Graphs,… [I-131 detected in Sweden]
(May 21, 2015) !!!-> Bobby1’s Blog just reported on Iodine-131 detections in Finland and Norway this spring 2015: @ http://optimalprediction.com/wp/iodine-131-detections-in-finland-and-norway-preceded-by-detections-in-japan/
-> The Finnish report (@ http://yle.fi/uutiset/radiation_safety_watchdog_detects_airborne_radioactive_particles_says_no_cause_for_alarm/8003739) includes: “[…] Much further north, in Sodankylä in Finnish Lapland, air samples revealed the presence of iodine 131 or radio-iodine, most often associated with nuclear activity, medical diagnostic and treatment procedures and natural gas production. […]” [-> For the use of radioisotopes in the gas industry, see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uses_of_radioactivity_in_oil_and_gas_wells] continued excerpts: “[…] Officials in Norway also reported similar findings of iodine 131. […] airborne particles found detected in Kotka were cobalt 60, niobium 95, and caesium 134 – all associated with nuclear processes. […]”
See the reason this has likely nothing to do with a medical or resource exploitation source is the presence of Co-60 ánd I-131 ánd Cs-134 ánd Nb-95 (Niobium has half life of only 35 days; and is the decay product of Zirconium-95 (half-life: 64 days)), all are man-made fission radioisotopes, and two of those have neither medical nor resource exploitation use. In regards to the Nb-95, which came from Zr-95, to remind you of something about Zirconium’s significance, mentioned in the early weeks of the F1 catastrophe:
March 25, 2011: Zero Hedge: Radioactive Zirconium Found At Fukushima Confirms Exposed Fuel Rods As High Level Radiation Emitted From Broken Core.
In other words: the source must have been a nuclear accident where active fissioning is still occurring, or occurred as recently as this year probably (or there would be no I-131 left). That is really the only logical explanation I can see here.
Screenshot of headline intro:
The detections in Finland were from AIR samples, collected between May 4 and 11, 2015… Kotka is in the south of Finland, on the coast between Helsinki and Saint-Petersburg, Russia. When I browse through the wind patters of that period, the last few days have that typical wind-slow down pattern in the jet stream over that area that I’ve often found corresponding with radiation upticks and data gaps. Here’ May 10, 2015 1200 UTC at 250 hPa: http://earth.nullschool.net/#2015/05/10/1200Z/wind/isobaric/250hPa/orthographic=-149.93,92.93,267
-> Without the necessary time-adjustments, this isn’t precise, but there are only a few slow-down zones in the jet stream (@ 250 hPa) that blew over Fukushima. During the sampling period, one such slow-down zone moved over Northern Europe, including Finland.
Anyways… Finland “…had been in touch with radiation safety officials in neighbouring countries on the matter.” And? Nothing?
How about asking Japan?
Speculating about a Polonium-210 Surge…
Similarly to Cobalt-60 and vast quantities of Tritium polluting the groundwater and beyond, in fact, is the possibility that Bismuth-210 was artificially created through neutron bombardment of Lead-208 (Pb208), the main stable isotope of normal lead, which becomes Lead-209 (Pb209) through neutron bombardment as well in the Fukushima-Daiichi rubble.
- Pb208 (stable) + neutrons = Pb209 (half-life: 3.3 hours)
- Pb209 + neutrons = Bismuth-210 (half-life: 5 days)
- Bismuth-210 beta-decays into Polonium-210 (half-life: 138 days)
- Polonium-210 alpha decays (very intensely) into Lead-206 (stable).
So when Mr. Ken Buesseler of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution asks the public for cash to help monitor Fukushima ocean radioactivity, yet limits the shared data to just a few radioisotopes, and on top of that belittles their significance by comparing it to “naturally occurring Polonium-210”, without providing the Po-210 data (or at least a Gross Beta and Gross Alpha Count!) for all these samples, I don’t know what to think of this guy… Nature, Jan 2014, re. elevated Cesium trace levels in Tuna: “…The risk was not zero, but it was very small. It was hundreds of times less than the risk from polonium-210, the natural isotope that’s in seafood — and that we don’t think about. …“
I do actually think about that… just not the way these establishment researchers and publications seem to want me to think about it…
It would be quite the research undertaking to microscopically analyze samples, but *IF* radiation were a factor, then certain signatures at the cellular level may be present. Moreover, as per Los Alamos research, alpha particles can create highly reactive oxygen molecules, including hydrogen peroxide H2O2, which turns tissue white in a bleach-like effect: http://enhs.umn.edu/hazards/hazardssite/radon/radonmolaction.html
Made me wonder if that played any role in http://enenews.com/dead-dolphins-washed-fukushima-entirely-white-lungs-head-scientist-ive-never-before-interruption-blood-supply-leading-tissue-death-disease-linked-radiation-exposure-large-spike-after-chernoby …
I guess this blog post is long enough as it is. Some other information I also looked at included:
- https://www.peregrinefund.org/subsites/conference-lead/PDF/0101%20Pokras.pdf (= UNDERSTANDING LEAD UPTAKE AND EFFECTS ACROSS SPECIES LINES)
By the way, speaking of lead. One of the side-effects is appetite suppression. What if some of the birds that are starving aren’t starving ’cause there’s no food, but because they’re more sensitive to lead poisoning? What if there are patches out in the Pacific that have elevated levels? Just wondering…
- !-> [h/t Pav.] http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1105/ML110560301.pdf (Determination of Pb-210 and Po-210 in aqueous environmental samples) -> This dissertation about checking on Po-210 and Pb-210 levels simultaneously ought to be included in the environmental tests. See, the normal natural decay of Pb-210 into Po-210 into Pb-206 gives rise to certain equilibria. If Po-210 is entering the scene another way, the Pb-210/Po-210 ratio would likely be measurably unusual.
Would be interesting if, aside from a handful radioisotopes, there was widespread testing to determine the levels of trace metals in seawater too, yes? Including the non-radioactive ones (like stable lead Pb206), and see if there’s differences with areas not much affected by fallout.
Anyways… What do I know? Just hope this issue will be taken much more seriously by people with access to equipment and funds…
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Last Edited/updated: May 25, 2015